Australia

The Nuisance Cost of Tariffs – Commission Research Paper

This research paper was released on 5 August 2022. The report argues that in Australia’s low tariff-rate environment, the costs of the tariffs arise primarily from the complexity of the tariff system rather than from distortions to the economy. These costs are in addition to the tariff itself and increase costs of businesses, and eventually, prices to consumers.

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  • Preliminaries: Cover, Copyright and publication detail, Contents, and Acknowledgments
  • Executive summary

  • 1. What this study is about


    • 1.1 Scope

    • 1.2 Organisation of the report

    • 1.3 Conduct of the study


  • 2. The tariff system


    • 2.1 Statutory tariffs, preferences and concessions

    • 2.2 Using tariffs


  • 3. Fiscal implications of tariffs


    • 3.1 Revenue implications of Australia’s tariff policy

    • 3.2 Administration costs


  • 4. Economic implications of tariffs


    • 4.1 Compliance costs of avoiding tariffs

    • 4.2 Distortions and costs to the economy

    • 4.3 Overall assessment of economic costs


  • 5. Why the nuisance costs of tariffs matter


    • 5.1 What do Australia’s tariffs cost?

    • 5.2 Costs and revenues, now and in future


  • A. Consultation

  • B. Estimating administration costs

  • C. Estimating preferential trade agreement-related compliance costs

  • Abbreviations

  • Glossary

  • References

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